Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar is known as the Father of Indian Constitution. And made a revolutionary change in our Indian society.

Before Independence, untouchables in India were ill-treated in Indian society. They were segregated in hamlets outside the village. They were forbidden in many temples, schools, and they were not allowed to take water from wells from which higher castes drew water.

The untouchables or low-castes Hindus were called Harijans (Children of God). Ambedkar was born on 14th April 1891 in Mhow in western Madhya Pradesh. Ambedkar was born into a family of untouchables. In school his high-caste schoolmates humiliated him. Ambedkar was awarded a scholarship by the ruler of the princely state of Baroda. He studied at universities in the U.S.A, Britain, and Germany.In 1917, the young man returned to India.

He had just been appointed military secretary to the Maharaja of Baroda. He had been told that there would be someone at the station to receive him, but one came. Ambedkar then realized that in the years he had studied abroad his social and family background had not matter at all; in India it still did! Although his academic record was excellent, it could not wipe away the fact that he was an untouchable.

At the office his high caste colleagues harassed him. The officials under whom he worked never told him what he had to do. They were rude. They taunted and ridiculed him and flung files on his table so that they would not have to go close to him. He was not given any drinking water. Dr. Ambedkar wrote about these incidents later and said that he could never recall them without tears in my eyes this was probably the turning point in his life. Dr. Ambedkar was ready to fight against injustice and casteism.

Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar became the leader of the untouchable community. He started political awareness among the Harijans in town of Mahad in Maharashtra. The untouchables drank water from a tank that was only used by upper caste Hindus. This led to a riot in which they were attacked.

Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar became the Law Minister in the Government of India. He was also the Chairman of the Constituent Assembly that drafted the Constitution of Independent India. Discrimination against Harijans was made a punishable offence.

His efforts ended in despair because untouchability continued among the Hindus. In October 1956, he renounced Hinduism and became a Buddhist, together with about 200,000 fellow Dalits, at a ceremony in Nagpur. Ambedkar had once said, unfortunately for me I was born a Hindu Untouchable. He had fulfilled his pledge. He died on 6th December 1956, in New Delhi A Buddhist!

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